Wednesday, May 29, 2024

How To Setup A Domain At Home

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In this part of the tutorial, we are going to be setting up Active Directory on our new Windows 2019 server. Active Directory is a directory service that runs on Microsoft Windows Server that allows administrators to manage permissions and control access to network resources. Within Active Directory data is stored as objects, which include users, groups, applications, and devices.

We will delve deeper into Active Directory in upcoming tutorials where I will look at different exploits that still work even on the latest Windows Server Versions. The real takeaway from this is that Most companies will be running some form of Active Directory in their Organization and knowing how to install and manage it can be a real benefit.

So lets Get started.

  • Firstly start by opening Server Manager. This may take a few miniutes for it to populate all the data.
  • Once Server Manager is open Click Manage and then Add Roles and Features.
  • In the Add roles and features wizard click the third option on the left menu for server selection and you will then be able to select Server Roles.
  • Tick the box next to Active Directory Domain Services.
  • You will then be prompted with a window showing all the services or features that will be installed. have a quick read through whats being installed. Make sure include managment tools is selected and click add feature.
  • Now click Next through AD DS, DHCP Server and DNS Server leaving everything as default until you get to confirmation. From here click Install

Add Windows 11 Computer To Domain Using Powershell

You can join a Windows 11 workgroup computer to AD domain using PowerShell.

  • Launch the PowerShell as administrator on Windows 11 computer.
  • Run the following command to add or join Windows 11 computer to domain.
  • Add-Computer -DomainName Domain Name -Credential Domain Username
  • Press enter, and you will be prompted to enter your domain user password.
  • Restart the computer to complete the domain join process.

Windows: How To Host Your Own Website Using Your Pc As A Wamp Server

First, lets try hosting a website using your personal computer with the Windows operating system. Less than one-third of all websites use Windows, meaning your hosting options tend to be a little more limited than those of Linux developers. But if ASP.NET and C are what you code in, then Windows is the way to go.

Step 1: Getting Started With WAMP

To make this super easy, well use a WAMP installation program called WampServer. This will cover your Windows, Apache, MySQL, and PHP. You could also opt to install each package manually, but this process requires much more work and is error-prone.

WampServer is one of several environments available to create Apache, MySQL, and PHP applications on Windows.

First, download the 32-bit or 64-bit WAMP-binary here, follow the on-screen instructions, and launch WampServer when its done.

Upon installation, a www directory will be created automatically. Youll likely find it here: c:wampwww

From that directory, you can create subdirectories , and put any HTML or PHP files inside those subdirectories. If you click on the localhost link in the WampSever menu or open your internet browser with the URL http://localhost, you should be shown the main screen of WampServer.

Step 2: Creating an HTML Page and Configuring MySQL

Now you can browse to http://localhost/info.php to see the details of your PHP installation. You can create any HTML and PHP file structure to suit your needs.

Step 3: Make the Site Public

Step 4: Using a Domain Name

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How To Set Up Local Domain Name

Assume I have two computers with hostnames pc1 and pc2 in my local network My router has the ip address and its instructions say that it is also reachable at modem.home, which I tried and is true.

I want to connect from pc1 to pc2 via ssh and use its hostname, not its ip for that. However, the host commando under linux gives me this result when using the ip address of pc2:

host not found: 2

I tried to do some research about what this means, and I think it says that

Now to my questions:

  • What exactly is the .home domain? Is it usual or is it just something my router sets up?
  • How can I add my computers to that domain so that I can retrieve the hostnames of the other devices ?
  • What exactly is the .home domain? Is it usual or is it just something my router sets up?

    It’s just something your router sets up.

    As many routers do, it internally runs a DNS cache/proxy and advertises itself as the DNS server in all DHCP responses. The router’s DNS proxy is configured to serve *.home names out of local configuration instead of forwarding the queries to ISP’s DNS.

    The router has the name modem.home statically defined to always return its own IP, but other *.home subdomains are usually read from the DHCP server’s lease database.

    How can I add my computers to that domain so that I can retrieve the hostnames of the other devices ?

    ex. hosts        pc2.home

    ex. hosts        pc1.home

    Establishing A Vpn Server In Windows 10 Using Windows Built

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    Setup your Windows 10 Computer

    Step 1: Open Network Connections window. Then click organize and select Layout-> Menu bar.

    Step 2: From the menu bar, select File-> New Incoming Connection.

    Step 3: Next, in the popup screen, select the user accounts you want to connect. We recommend you use a separate user account with a solid password to set up the VPN server so that your accounts will be safe. To do that, click on the Add someone button. After you have selected the user accounts, click on the Next button.

    Step 4: Next, select the Through the Internet option to allow VPN connections to your computer over the Internet.

    Step 5: Next, select the protocols on the list that should be allowed for incoming connections. After choosing what you want, allow access. If you do not want to allow the connections to access printers, opt-out File and Printer sharing for network connections.

    Step 6: Next, select the protocols on the list that should be allowed for incoming connections. If you do not want to allow the connections to access printers, then opt-out File and Printer sharing for network connections. After choosing what you want, allow access.

    Now your computer acts as a VPN server, and it is ready to serve for connection requests.

    Setup port forwarding in your router

    The next task is setting up port forwarding in your router to connect to the VPN server via the internet. By setting up port forwarding, your router can send the specific traffic to your computer.

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    Viewing A List Of All Hostnames

    The easiest way to see a list of hostnames for all of your network devices is to go to Leases page by navigating to Services > DHCPv4 > Leases. It will show the MAC addresses, hostnames, IP addresses, online/offline status, and if it is statically mapped. The page is fairly self-explanatory. I am not including a screenshot since I would have to blot out most of my device information .

    Now you should be able to refer to devices in your home network by their hostname and domain name !

    Using A Third Party Router

    Although you can use a third party router rather than the router supplied by you ISP it is not always a good idea.

    In the UK my provider BT will only troubleshoot a line if you are using their router.

    In addition you may find as I did that the connection was much slower with a third party router than the iSP router.

    Having said that it is a good idea to have a spare router in case yours fails.

    If you do use a third party router then you may need to swap in the ISP provided one if you have Internet problems.

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    Setting Up The Global Domain Name For Your Network

    To set up the global domain name for your home network, go to System > Settings > General. Then enter a hostname for your OPNsense router and the default domain name for your entire network. In the example below, I would be able to access the OPNsense web administration page by going to

    Note: It is not necessary to have a real domain name registered if you are just using the domain name internally on your network. However, if you do have a real domain name , you may also use it internally for devices on your network. If you use a real domain name, your local DNS server on your router will know how to resolve names for devices on your local network even if they those hostnames are not included the public DNS records. You only need to add/update the IP addresses of domains/subdomains of public DNS records if you plan to host publicly accessible services on your network.

    Even though you do not have to use a real domain name for your local devices, you cannot simply use any domain name you want. The help message says to avoid using local as the domain name since it interferes with the Bonjour protocol, for instance. You should also avoid using domain names of real websites that you plan to visit. I imagine you will not be able to reach such websites since the local DNS server on your router will be trying to resolve that domain name to devices on your local network.

    How To Setup Dual Domain To Point To A Home Server With Dynamic Ip

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    Here is a short description of my situation:I am running a Ubuntu home server which also acts as DHCP/DNS for my private network. It is exposed to the outside network using DMZ, so one may access it from the outside. Up to this time I was using No-IP domain since my network has dynamic global IP address and I had to use DDNS functionality. I have recently purchased a domain name and I want it to point it to the same home server.Is it possible to setup both domains to guide traffic to my home server? I am quite new to the topic so I would really appreciate more elaborate explanations and maybe some guidance steps. The home server is using Bind9 and also I have full access to my DNS records.

    Yes you can use DDNS for your domain. You can setup the domain name at whatever provider you used to register the domain name. How exactly depends on the interface you of your provider, here is an example for Namecheap

    • Sadly I do not have the DDNS option in my domain provider’s offer. The only option is to edit DNS records. Is there another way of reaching my homeserver e.g. through I mean to setup a chain like this: I already have -> homeserver and since homeserver is accessible under and runs DNS maybe there is a way to resolve -> homeserver by using as a NS record or at least -> -> homeserver. kwojcikowskiOct 18, 2020 at 16:59

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    How To Login Back To Your Local Computer Account

    Now, if you want to reach your initial local files and programs stored on the computer away from the domain, heres how you can do it:

    • Boot your computer or sign out to your lock screen.
    • Select Other user from the bottom-left corner.
    • Enter your machine name followed by a backslash then your local user. Enter your local machine password if you had one and press Enter. Here, my computer name was Win10FAQ and the default user on it was Win10FAQ so the resultant is Win10FAQ\Win10FAQ. If yours is Desktop-xxxxxx and your user is Joe for example so youll enter Desktop-xxxxxx\Joe

    Pihole & Adguard Home

    Its not hard to run a DNS Server.

    There are plenty of ways to do so on a Linux machine, such as dnsmasq. You may also be interested in setting up Pi-Hole alongside dnsmasq. But there is also an easier way.

    PiHole and AdGuard Home are two advertisement blockers that work very similarly. They are both DNS servers that deny access to known advertisers. The Home Assistant community moved to AdGuard because it is easier to use.

      ANSWER  10      IN      A  Query time: 2 msec  SERVER:

    Et viola. The DNS server has responded with a local IP address for my home server, rather than the public address.

    This enables one more interesting thing

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    How To Setup Domain Pointers

    NOTE: Before you proceed, please make sure that you have an active domain associated with your account. You can add one by purchasing a domain or transferring an existing domain.

    Once you have an active domain associated with your account, please follow the steps below:

  • Log in to your Domains Dashboard.

  • On the dashboard, select the domain name you wish to modify.There are two views in the Domains dashboard – the Card and List views. Click on the view icons to switch to your preferred view.
  • Choose the domain where you’d like to set up domain pointers. In the Card view, click the domain’s Manage button.

    In List view, click the domain or gear icon on the right-hand side.

  • On the left sidebar, click on Pointers & Subdomains.
  • Adoption Of Cloud Directory Services

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    Now, more organizations are looking to adopt a cloud-based directory model, such as the one JumpCloud® has created. With that shift, the need for domains may be completely supplanted. Cloud directories, or directory-as-a-service, can authenticate users regardless of where they are and what network they are currently using to the services they have been explicitly granted access to. This trend towards cloud-based directory services coincides nicely with the shift away from infrastructure on-prem. For example, the adoption of to take the place of a number of on-prem productivity solutions like Exchange, Office, and Excel. This shift away from the domain has been encapsulated in the concept of the Domainless Enterprise.

    This also provides a centralized, cloud-based, and secure directory for authentication, authorization, and management of users and systems. The authentication of users and devices is a critical component when thinking about how you can potentially replace the functionality of your domain controlleror simply, to do without it. And like those early days of the domain, with SSO-like capabilities, JumpCloud provides True Single Sign-On via centralized user management, cloud-based LDAP, WiFi authentication through RADIUS, multi-factor authentication , system management with GPO-like Policies, SSO to legacy and web applications via LDAP and SAML, SSH key management, and much more.

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