The Dns: Phonebook Of The Internet
Now that you understand why we use domain names and the anatomy of a domain name, you might be wondering how to convert a domain name to an IP address. That’s where the Domain Name System comes in.
The DNS is a global database of all the registered domain names on the internet. A DNS record will typically include the domain name and an associated IP address. Through the DNS, your browser can translate a domain name in the address bar into an IP address that it can then use to send requests to the web server and receive webpage content.
What’s important to remember is that there’s no single DNS server or even a single physical location for DNS servers. Instead, the DNS comprises a group of different servers located all around the world.
Difference Between Domain Name And Url
Usually the two terms, domain name and URL are used interchangeably. Technically speaking however the two arent the same.
As mentioned earlier, a domain name is used for identifying computers on the Internet. These computers though use IP addresses , which are a series of numbers, such as 188.8.131.52. Since humans find it easier to remember a string of characters rather than numbers, the pioneers of the web devised domain names to identify entities on the Internet rather than IP addresses.
On the other hand, a URL or a uniform resource locator is made up of the domain name as well as some other pieces of information, including the protocol and the path. For example, https://techradar.com/pro is a URL in which techradar.com is the domain name, while https is the transfer protocol and /pro is the path to a specific section on the website.
In most modern browsers, you dont need to enter the complete URL to visit a website. Simply enter the domain name and the browser will add the protocol and other pieces of information required to bring up the website.
Advantages Of A Com Domain
- Widely known Most people know the .com extension, which means it adds trust to your website
- Doesnt tie a website to a particular location If youre looking to do business in more than one location, then .com provides you with a domain name that will work well in most markets.
- Easy to remember The fact its short and well-known means that people are more likely to remember your websites address if it ends with .com, rather than a newer, longer TLD.
That may not seem like a huge list of advantages, and its true that in many cases an alternative domain extension will work just as well as a .com domain.
For example, there is no inherent search engine optimization advantage in going for a .com domain name .
There is also one significant disadvantage to opting for a .com domain, and that is its popularity you may find that the domain name you want to buy has already been taken on .com
In such as case, you might have to switch to another domain extension to get the domain name you want.
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How Much Does A Com Domain Cost
Now that youve found out more about this popular domain, , youre probably wondering How much is a .com TLD?
Like any domain, the price will vary, depending on what domain youre buying, and how youre buying it.
If its a popular domain that uses common keywords and phrases, its likely to have a high price tag, due to demand.
You might buy your .com domain through a registrar, or you might buy it through an auction if the domain is owned by someone. If a domain is listed at auction, it may have a premium tag, which means that its available at a higher price than usual.
What Is A Domain Name
A domain name is a string of text that maps to a numeric , used to access a website from client software. In plain English, a domain name is the text that a user types into a browser window to reach a particular website. For instance, the domain name for Google is google.com.
The actual address of a website is a complex numerical IP address , but thanks to , users are able to enter human-friendly domain names and be routed to the websites they are looking for. This process is known as a DNS lookup.
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How Do I Check If A Domain Name Is Available
The Name.com platform lets you perform a thorough domain name search so you can find out if the name you want for your website is available and for sale. There are a couple of ways to see if the website name you want is available. The easiest method is to type the domain name you’re interested in into our search box and well tell you if the domain is available for registration. You can also search for the domain in Whois Lookup.
Make Your Domain Name Memorable
Strive for domain names that are short, easy to remember, easy to type, and easy to say. This is valuable for word-of-mouth advertising because those visitors will need to visit your domain directly, but it also matters for processing fluency. An implicit cognitive bias, processing fluency is the concept that we remember and have more positive associations with things that we can easily say and easily think about, and that includes pronounceability in our own minds. So, stay away from domain names that include numbers or other non-standard characters, use unusual spelling, or are longer than about 15 characters or so.
Because of search engine’s growing reliance on accessibility and usability as a ranking factor, the easier a domain is to read for humans, the better it is for search engines.
What Is An Extension
An extension is the last part or ending of a domain name. They are often referred to as TLDs , the domain root or suffix. Some popular TLDs include .com, .co.uk, .net, .org. There are many categories of extensions such as ccTLDs and new gTLDs..
ccTLDs are country code specific so they represent a particular country e.g. .co.uk for UK and .ie for Ireland. New gTLDs are often more practical and easy to remember e.g. .photography, .guru, .ninja, .london, .legal, .sucks etc. Some businesses and brands register their domain name in a number of extensions to ensure they are fully protected.
Understanding Websites And Copyright
Its not enough to register a domain name with trademark protection you then need to build a website. As the owner of your website, a communication channel, you are legally liable for the content you publish on the website.
This includes both the claims you make and the literal content you use such as photos, videos, and other assets.
Republishing copyrighted content
One of the most common legal issues with websites is the unintentional or intentional use of copyrighted images and content.
For instance, if you want to add a nice image to your website to engage your visitors, you cannot simply copy an image you found via Google Image Search. Many of these images are protected, and the copyright holders can demand compensation for the material used without permission or proper attribution.
From images and videos to text-based content, you need to do your due diligence before you repost any content on your website.
Many artists have their licenses on their website which can detail how other websites can legally republish their work. CreativeCommons.org provides detailed information about licensing agreements with digital creatives to help you avoid facing legal fines from publishing someone elses work.
Protecting your own content
As an entrepreneur, your website is one of the most valuable assets you have. Its a way for you to attract new clients, engage your current leads, retain business, and provide customer service.
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How Does A Dns Work
A DNS starts working immediately after a user enters a domain name in the address bar of a browser. It will search through the Internet to find the IP address that is associated with the entered domain name. After successfully identifying the IP address, it then guides the users browser to connect to it, which will then serve the requested website contents. The process happens very quickly with little delay and the user will be on his requested website almost immediately. However, in the background, a DNS has executed many processes.
The first step that a DNS does is to send a DNS query to several other DNS servers. A DNS is not just a single server responding to over billions of domain name requests, but instead it is distributed globally across a network of DNS, which stores the IP address directory in a distributed manner.
With this in mind, all the DNS servers work together to attend to the billions of domain names requests worldwide. The reason behind this is to cut down the time for users to get a response for their requests. If a user is looking for a specific site and there is only one DNS server to process it, then it will take significantly longer to search through the millions of records in the directory. What if at the same time there are also millions, if not billions of users who are also doing the same? That is going to take a long time, and the users browsing experience will definitely be affected negatively.
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What Exactly Does A Domain Name Look Like
Lets use domain.com as the example. www.domain.com is what people would generally refer to as a domain name, but is that technically correct?
Eh, sort of.
In the image above you can see that weve underlined the different parts of www.domain.com, separated, and numbered the different parts separated by the dots. Your domain name is, technically, the part that comes after the www. so its comprised of parts 2 & 3. Part 1, the www, turns your domain name into a complete web address, or URL In essence, every URL has a domain name in it, but URLs arent domain names.
Did you know that the two parts that make up your domain name, 1 & 2, actually have their own names? Part 3, what comes after the dot, is called the Top Level Domain, or TLD. Part 2, the beginning of your domain name, is called the Second Level Domain, or SLD.
So when someone asks, How do I get to your site? what theyre really asking for is your domain name.
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They Know What To Expect
For a potential customer, an accurate domain name is how it helps you to understand the kind of business youre dealing with and what to expect from it. For instance, if you spotted a website called onlyorchids.com, but you were actually looking to buy a bouquet of roses for your mother, youd immediately know from the domain name that the flowers on offer from this business werent for you.
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Code Signing Certificate Mistake
In January 2001, Verisign mistakenly issued two Class 3 certificates to an individual claiming to be an employee of . The mistake was not discovered and the certificates were not revoked until two weeks later during a routine audit. Because Verisign code-signing certificates do not specify a Certificate Revocation List Distribution Point, there was no way for them to be automatically detected as having been revoked, placing Microsoft’s customers at risk. Microsoft had to later release a special security patch in order to revoke the certificates and mark them as being fraudulent.
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Don’t Sweat Over Domain Age
The notion that the age of a domain is an important SEO ranking factor is a myth. When asked about domain registration length, Google’s Matt Cutts said, “To the best of my knowledge, no search engine has ever confirmed that they use length of registration as a factor in scoring. If a company is asserting that as a fact, that would be troubling. The primary reason to renew a domain would be if it’s your main domain, you plan to keep it for a while, or you’d prefer the convenience of renewing so that you don’t need to stress about your domain expiring.”
What does matter to Google are things like how long its been since your site was first crawled or since the first inbound link was recorded. Even so, though, Matt Cutts assures that “the difference between a domain that’s six months old and one year old is really not that big at all.”
What Do I Do If The Website Name I Want Is Taken
If the domain name you want is already registered, you have a few options. First, check out the recommended, similar domain names in your search results to see if one of those works. You should also consider an available domain name with an extension other than .COM, such as .IO, .CLUB, or .ROCKS. There are hundreds of new TLDs to consider. If youre really set on securing your first choice of domain, find the current registrant using Whois Lookup and see if they are willing to sell it. Learn more
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What Is Domain Privacy And Do I Need It
Domain privacy and security is as important to us as it is to you. Without domain privacy, your private and sensitive information may be collected and displayed in ICANN’s WHOIS database when you register your domain. Domain privacy ensures that these details are hidden from the public view. Our Domain Privacy + Protection package will make ICANN display our contact information in lieu of yours.
What Steps Can I Take To Ensure My Domain Privacy Is Protected
Some Registrars offer privacy protection services that allow their customers to mask their actual contact details in the Whois search result in order to prevent their private contact information falling into the hands of spammers and scammers. Get in touch with your Registrar to learn more about your options.
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Why Is Com So Popular
The .com TLD was one of the original TLDs that were introduced in 1985, alongside .edu, .gov, .mil, .net, .org and .int. Its name is derived from commercial, which speaks to its original purpose for domains registered by commercial organizations. Due to its intent and being one of the earliest domain extensions available, the .com TLD has enjoyed immense popularity. Today, the extension is nearly synonymous with the internet and is the go-to extension for millions of people around the world.
How Do I Choose The Best Domain Name
Great question! Here’s a few core things to consider when choosing your new domain name:
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What Is A Domain Name Used For And What Can You Do With It
At some point, someone probably said, “Hey, you ought to register a domain.” And you might have replied, “Okay… but why, what is the use of a domain?”The truth is that if you have a website, it needs to have an address, and that address needs to have a name.The purpose of a domain name is to leave your mark on the web, whether thats for an exciting technology startup company, or a recipe blog to share with your family. Whatever you want to do with a domain, its up to you, thats the exciting part!
Factors That Influence Domain Popularity
Humans are attracted to the best of the bestincluding the domains they visit. Although the vast majority of traffic stems from having a powerful brand name, generating buzz is a surefire way to attract attention, draw visitors, and grow an online presence.
There are several factors that affect the worldwide popularity of domains:
- Social media trends. The whims of social media are infamous for dictating domain trends. Sharable content or memes with relevant images often influence the flow of online traffic. However, social media trends usually cause very short-term spikes in popularity.
- Worldwide relevance. Breaking news and changing geopolitical climates can have significant impacts on the way domains are accessed. The RussiaUkraine conflict kept many users offline or away from certain domains, blocking some 114.9 million users from accessing the internet.
- Major holidays. The closer the holiday season gets, the higher certain domains will rank. Amazon saw more than 2.9 billion unique visitors in December 2021, which slumped to 2.2 billion the following February. Domainsparticularly those in ecommercequickly climb the ranks during busy seasons.
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